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Installations, Repairs, and Maintenace on Hardwood Floors


New Hardwood Floor Installation

How to Choose the Best Hardwoods for Your Flooring Project

When it comes time to choose which type of wood you want for your home’s hardwood flooring project you’re going to want to know as much as possible about all of your options.

By the time you finish this article you will practically be an expert. Not only will you have a better understanding of the types of hardwoods that are best for the job, but you’ll also know a little bit more about how each are rated and what that rating means.

We’re going to list several popular species of hardwood that people are installing in their homes today, to give you an idea of why they are the one’s most selected by homeowners, and building contractors alike.

First, lets get you up to speed on how the hardness of these different species of woods are established by explaining the “Janka Hardness Scale.”

What is the Janka Hardness Rating?
The whole purpose of the Janka hardness test is to determine if a wood is suitable to be used as a long lasting hardwood flooring option.

The short definition is that this tests measures the amount of resistance a species of wood is able to produce to the average wear and tear of the wood.

The way this measurement is determined requires that a 11.28 millimeter diameter steel ball be launched into the wood to a depth of half the woods thickness.

So, the harder the wood the more force is required to reach this depth, hence the higher the force the higher the rating for each piece of wood.

The Janka test was developed by Austrian wood researcher Gabriel Janka in 1906, and has been the standard for testing the hardness of wood since 1927, when it was accepted by the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM)

What Are the Best Choices for Hardwood Floors?
When selecting your ideal hardwood floor, remember that no wood is impermeable to the effects of moisture, and wetness. All woods, no matter how hard, must be well maintained in the proper environment to get the most life out of your floor.

With that having been said, lets take a look a few of the most popular woods as determined by the Janka Ratings system.

OAK – Of all of the types of hardwoods available, Oak is by far the most selected species of wood purchased by the average consumer.

With a hardness rating of 1360, White Oak is one of the hardest options available on the market. Another popular species is Red Oak, which has a rating of 1260.

Now there are other types of woods that are softer and harder, but the wide availability of Oak across the saw mills everywhere make it a less expensive option while still remaining one of the champions of hardwood flooring.

American Black Walnut – A little lower on the Janka scale at 1010 is Black Walnut. Sometimes called by various other names this is a popular choice due to its wonderful grain patterns, and rich colors.

It stains well, and for a hardwood that falls in the middle of the Janka scale, it is more than capable of lasting a lifetime with good maintenance and care.

One of the good points of buying Walnut is it is a highly sustainable option that is replenished through new the replanting of trees specific to this purpose.

Hickory – If you are really looking for hardness, then Hickory will be hard to beat.

With a rating of 1820, Hickory is practically like installing a bomb shelter wall on your floor. Although it accounts for less than 5% of the hardwood floors installed in the U.S. it can be purchased in a variety of finishes including hand-scraped, smooth, and wire brushed.

Once our instillation crews have competed the installation of this extremely durable hardwood it will last a lifetime with very little care.

An excellent choice for high traffic, heavy use floors.

  • Decide the amount traffic for the area
  • Check what Hardwood choice for the project
  • What pattern for your floor
  • Type of stain (color)
  • What finish

Remodels & Refurbishing

Repair Water Damage wood Flooring
If you are one who has had a hot water overflow or a pipe burst, you probably have a lot of damage throughout. Your hardwood floors are just one of the many things you probably have to repair – but they are important.
Hardwood floors with extreme water damage are not usually salvageable. It means ripping up your water logged floors and doing a brand new floor installation. However, if you have wood floors on the second floor of your home, there is definitely a possibility of repairing them. Even if they have flood damage, you will probably be able to restore them.
It’s very important to dry the floor quickly, not just to stop the warping, but also to stop the mold that may get a grip on the wood. Mold spores can be left even after the floor dries, and may cause health problems for some sensitive individuals.

  • Access the damage

  • Water damage requires more evaluation

  • Pet damage and minor traffic

  • Termite or wood ant requires more evaluation

  • Rely on expirenince not price

Custom Installation or Refinishing

Trends and New Hardwood Floors
There comes a moment in our lives when we choose to value personally enriching experiences more than material possessions. We seek more significant ways to make our existences meaningful and true. We become more aware of the damages caused by our “throwaway” culture and look for more sustainable avenues to our comfort zone.

This enlightened awareness leads us to making more sensible choices. Looking for healthier and more environmentally friendly alternatives that bring long term usefulness and potential multiple uses. Saving us time and space for what really matters.

Then it comes as no surprise that interior design is now all about crafting minimalist environments. Living spaces that allow us to get in tune with ourselves and valuing our own precious moments. A sanctuary to connect and live every day freely and at its fullest.

3 Hardwood Flooring Latest Trends
Smooth Texture
Soft and soothing materials are becoming essentials, with heavily brushed hardwood floors raising less interest. Softly sculpted or brushed floors remain, but they are leaving space for smoother textures. This luxurious feel instills a mindset of peace and tranquility that perfectly fits minimalist décors.

Wire Brush Texture

The wire brush removes some of the soft grain of your hardwood floors giving the floors depth in the grain and a unique texture.

Extra-Matte Finish
New smooth surfaces are now paired with low gloss finishes for a delicate, almost chalky hand feel. Together, they add noble authenticity to hardwood floors, giving them a relaxing surface we enjoy feeling and touching. In addition to being sophisticated, low sheen floors are also best at hiding marks, scuffs and scratches that can occur in the course of an active life.

Soothing Colors
Stain hues in hardwood flooring are emerging from dark espresso and cool grey to ethereal neutrals, whites, soft cream, taupe or warm grey. And if you must have brown, let it be a classy and elegant shade of mocha. These lighter stains allow the grain character to come through, enhancing the authenticity of hardwood.

New! Trendy Hardwood Floors
It’s at the largest design event on the West Coast, the Interior Design Show of Vancouver (IDS). Created according to the latest trends in hardwood flooring for 2019 and born from the growing desire to create minimalist aesthetics. This stunning & eco-friendly hardwood flooring line is worth the look.

Designed to be considerate of the environment and people’s health, while offering the perfect balance of easy living and tasteful design. Our new Tempo Series features seven soothing colors and minimalist aesthetics. A refreshment for the eye, mind and soul.

Tempo embodies the feeling of relaxed comfort by showcasing Hard Maple’s natural elegance and Red Oak’s rich fluid grain. This comprehensive selection allows you to make an insightful choice of wood grain to enhance your décor, while knowing both wood species are equally eco-conscious. Being sourced from sustainably managed forest in Quebec, these hardwood floors are entirely made in Canada. Their alleviating colors, smooth texture and ultra-matte 10% sheen give a touch of warmth to these traditional materials, all in discreet elegance.

Deep Reflections Hardwood Floors. The healthiest flooring solution in the industry

improve indoor air quality by up to 95%, reducing respiratory symptoms like asthma and allergies;
decompose up to 99,6% of bacteria, lowering your risk for spreading infection;
make your hardwood floor easier to clean, leaving beautiful streak free floors.
Our completely custom hardwood floor are our contribution for healthier and innovative solutions. We take a design element to the next level of aesthetics, health and durability.

Feel it, experience it – New Hardwood Floor offers the perfect balance of easy living and great design.


Deep Reflections Floor Company provides dust free sanding and refinishing. We utilize the most advanced dust containment system available. We have excellent references upon request.

Here are some things you need to do before work begins:

  1. There will be noise from the sanding machines, compressors and nail guns and depending on the color and finish you choose there may be some fumes.
  2. All pilot lights should be turned off during the finishing process.
  3. Pets should be kept away from the work area at all times.
  4. To ensure a good job and the best results possible, do not allow foot traffic on the floor until the finish has had ample time to cure 100%. This means that other trades and/or people should be kept away from the floors after they are finished. It is very aggravating when someone else is not using due care making a good job go bad.
  5. It is always best to be out of the house during the refinishing process due to the fact that there may be fumes that may be hazardous and the wood floors cannot be walked on until they have had enough time to cure. All fumes will dissipate after the finish has had time to dry completely.



Exposure to wood dust has long been associated with a variety of adverse health effects, including dermatitis, allergic respiratory effects, mucosal and non-allergic respiratory effects, and cancer. Contact with the irritant compounds in wood sap can cause dermatitis and other allergic reactions. The respiratory effects of wood dust exposure include asthma, hypersensitivity pneumonitis, and chronic bronchitis. —www.osha.gov

  • Latest design Trends
  • Types of finishes
  • Costum design
  • Dust Free Refinishing

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