Deep Reflections Hardwood Floors Co. New Hardwood Floor Installation

There’s no Job too big or too small for us to take on.

New Hardwood Floor Installation

With hundreds of new installations under our belt, Deep Reflections Hardwood Floors is head and sholders above the competion.

Custom Design

Deep Reflections can install any custom design of hardwood flooring.

Hardwood Types and Finishes

We take pride in the amount of different types of  hardwood floors we have installed. We are famillure with every type finish available.

Take a look of our Recent Completions

New Hardwood Floor Installation

Custom designs

Average Hardwood Floor Installation Time 

Put the first board of the new row in place. Cut it, if necessary, so the end is offset from the end of the board in the previous row by a minimum of 6 inches. Put the end against a 1/2-inch spacer and seat the edge snugly against the walls. Then nail and countersink them through the tongues (but not the faces) to hold the boards in place (if not using an air compressor and nail guns). Work your way down the rows, one row at a time. 

The process of installing wood floors with either solid wood or engineered wood is basically the same with some minor variations. The primary differences in the installation process depends on the foundation that the flooring is going on. For example, if your home is built on a crawl space or if your home is built on a concrete slab, the installation process will differ. When installing hardwood floors on crawl spaces, it is important to ensure that all of the plywood subfloor is properly prepped to receive the wood. Likewise, when installing hardwood down on a concrete slab, the concrete must also have been prepped with a vapor barrier to keep moisture from getting to the wood. 

Hardwood flooring, especially solid hardwood, expands and contracts when subject to environmental changes. You want this expansion/contraction to occur before the flooring is sanded and finished to reduce the possibility of cupping and cracking. And you want to accommodate future dimensional changes by leaving space for the wood to expand. 

Installation will begin in the center of one wall and will work its way across the room evenly out to each side. If the flooring is prefinished, it can be walked on immediately, and the baseboards installed. If not, the floor will be sanded 1, and a finishing material applied. This may mean that the floor cannot be walked on for two or three more days, and good ventilation may be required to air out the rooms. 

Hardwood Floor Installation Timeline 

Roll out strips of vapor barrier paper, allowing at least a 4″ overlap and staple securely to the sub-floor. Use 15 pound tar paper or felt. It is relatively inexpensive (it’s approximately $12 a roll at a home improvement store). Mark with a pencil along the baseboards where the joists are located. 

On the second row, lock the tongue and groove and tap them together with a mallet and block for a tight fit between the boards. Stagger the ends six inches between adjoining boards, cutting the end board if needed, to create a stronger, more attractive flooring pattern. 

Be sensitive to the way the ends fit together. One end has a tongue and the other end has a groove — this is called end matched.

Know what to expect with your timeline. But it’s not the installation itself that has the biggest impact on your timeline (and stress level). It’s the preparation leading up to it, including: sub-floor inspection, sub-floor repair or sub-floor replacement.

More than fifty species of wood are available for your home flooring in a variety of shades. For a light shade with an open, airy look, choose maple, pine, or ash. For a medium shade with warmth, choose oak, hickory, or bamboo. For a dark shade giving a formal look, install walnut or mahogany. 

Oak is the cheapest hardwood with average prices of $2 to $4 per square foot not including installation. Certain high-end engineered hardwoods are priced between $10 and $13 per square foot such as Engineered American Walnut or Engineered White Oak. 

Best flooring for a basement is vinyl which can and should be installed as a floating floor to allow for changes in the concrete caused by moisture and temperature. Vinyl floors are waterproof. The basement environment is full of humidity either wicked through the concrete from the wet earth surrounding it or through floods from plumbing problems. You’ll recoup about 20%–25% of this cost when selling.

Hardwood flooring

Hardwood Floor Installation Near Me 

When you get to the last rows, switch back to nailing by hand.  On the last row, cut the pieces to fit, measuring the distance from the wall to the board – not the tongue – and minus the expansion gap.  

To hide the seams where the floor meets the wall, attach a baseboard to the bottom of the wall with a finish nailer. It is easier to paint or stain the baseboard before it is installed. Use your miter saw to cut thresholds to the length of your doorway openings. Install them by simply laying them in their correct location and finish nailing them to the subfloor. As with the floor planks, use an awl to tap the nail heads down so they sit below the surface of the threshold. 

When humidity and temperatures are too high or too low (like when hardwood is stored in a cold/dry or hot/humid space before installation) the moisture content of the wood changes too, causing shrinkage or expansion. 

Hardwood floors perform their best in the same comfort range that we typically enjoy ourselves: a relative humidity of 35–50%, and temperatures of 60–80 degrees. Under these conditions, the moisture content of wood stays in its ideal range of 6–9%. 

With other flooring materials, you are stuck with the designs available on the market. But with hardwood floors, you can do a bit of customization. You can stain them in the color or tone you want and have them installed in a pattern you prefer. 


If the final piece is 1 inch wide or less, apply a small amount of wood glue to the tongue and groove and insert the piece with a pry bar and piece of scrap wood to protect the wall.  Otherwise, face-nail the final piece, countersink and fill the hole with matching putty. 

Maintenance is easy for a solid, site finished hardwood floor — keep grit off of the surface by sweeping regularly and use a flooring cleaning kit (Bona) and spray on and wipe off with a damp microfiber cloth. Hardwood floors also help cut down on dust mites. 

Where we live can affect the moisture content of wood subfloors. By ensuring your wood subfloor is acclimated, you’ll reduce the possibility that it will expand and contract and cause damage to your hardwood. 

Using Quarter sawn white oak hardwood flooring is a very good option as the grain runs on a vertical plane so when the flooring expands, it expands vertically and when it contracts, it contracts vertically not horizontally like plain sawn.  Quarter sawn white oak is very often considered a very elegant and classy. This flooring’s lifespan, which can last at least fifty years; maybe even one hundred and fifty years if you avoid any serious damage and maintain the finish. Like the acacia, the Quarter sawn white oak hardwood flooring is also known for its unique patterns.

Often a floor will meet an obstruction such as a fireplace or counter. If so, miter boards to create a border that frames the obstruction. Position the boards so the tongue or groove mates with the rest of the floorboards. Cut off the tongue if it is on the edge that meets the obstruction. Apply the rest of the floor as you normally would, fitting the pieces into the frame as you go. 

Working on any existing hardwood flooring will require sanding to ensure a smooth and easy work. Although this sounds like something that anyone can do, sanding is best left to the pros because there is a possibility of gouges to form when sanding. This can be challenging to remedy and may require you to replace the damaged wood. 

It is also such a versatile flooring material that it can even be installed in bathrooms and kitchens just as well as your living rooms and bedrooms. However, some precautionary measures are needed so that it will not be affected by moisture, which these rooms are usually abundant with. 

Carpet fibers easily trap dirt, pollen, animal dander, and other allergens, while tile and laminate can also trap such allergens. Tile grout, which is a must for such flooring, is also known to house mold and mildew. 

Grades almost always refer to the amount of flaws in the material such as knot holes, worm holes, mineral streaks, etc…  Select and better is the highest grade which is completely clean and clear with absolutely no knot holes, worm holes, imperfections or mineral streaks.  # 1 common is one grade down from select and better. This material does have small knot holes, mineral streaks and a greater variation in grain pattern from board to board.  # 2 common is the next down the list with larger knot holes, splits, worm holes, major mineral streaking and many, many flaws. # 3 common material is available in some species but is not recommended for much at all as the material is full of flaws and imperfections.  For durability, always refer to the Janka score; grades are more likely to help you determine what style of floor you want, rather than how well it will perform. 

Hardwood floors are sold in essentially two types; solid and engineered. Solid hardwood is a single plank of solid wood, and is the most traditional form of hardwood flooring. A solid hardwood floor can be sanded and refinished up to 7 times, and can last 100 years or longer with proper care. However, because of the solid nature of the wood, these floors are susceptible to moisture, and cannot be installed below grade or in areas with high humidity, as they may swell, buckle, or warp over time. 

Hardwood Floor Installation And Refinishing 

Tap 1/4-inch shims in between the edges of the floor and the wall to leave room for expansion (Image 3). Weight down the first few rows with something heavy, but use a rag underneath the weight to protect the floor. Use a damp cloth to clean off adhesive from surfaces. Let adhesive dry for 24 hours. 

Laminate is also available as a floating floor and is perfect for use over concrete below, on, or above grade using an approved underlayment pad, and recommended 6mm plastic sheeting or concrete sealer as the moisture barrier over concrete.

Stains and Finishes

Can Hardwood Floor Be Installed On Concrete 

Yes, absolutely.  starting from the slab you will need to install vapor barriers, plywood sub-flooring, hardwood flooring of choice and all needed transitions.  After the installation is complete, the new hardwood flooring must be allowed to acclimate properly (refer to N.W.F.A. guidelines). After the acclimation period the new flooring will then need to be sanded, stained or sealed and finished.

If you also want to refinish your hardwood stairs to match your flooring, expect to pay between $80 to $140 for each step. It is pricier because this must be done by hand, which means more work for a contractor.

Other factors that can also affect installation costs include your location and other related work needed, such as transferring your furniture elsewhere, leveling the floor, and repairing floor joists, etc…

Adding one more product to the mix is the Sika Acoubond system (above) that also provides some sound dampening properties for apartment or condominium dwellers. As mentioned previously, any successful installation using the these products requires very straight material. 

In this post, I will be referring to installing solid plank hardwood flooring. They come in a variety in thicknesses and widths and while they can be installed over concrete, it is imperative you take the necessary precautions to ensure the project will work. Also, be aware of most solid hardwood plank manufacturers will not guarantee their product will work in areas that are below grade, such as basements. 

Installing Hardwood Floor Over Concrete 

Engineered hardwood flooring has become more popular with homeowners because of the desire to use hardwood flooring in a variety of different rooms where solid wood flooring is not recommended. Engineered wood flooring is much more dimensionally stable than solid wood flooring, which means it will not expand and contract as much as solid wood flooring will with variations in humidity and moisture.  There are many species in many different widths which come in unfinished solid hardwood flooring which can be sanded and finished to your specs. If you would prefer to install solid because of the thickness of the wear layer and the fact that it can be sanded and refinished more times than the engineered hardwood flooring can be, this can be done as well. The only difference is that the solid hardwood flooring requires the installation of vapor barriers and plywood sub-flooring prior to the installation of the hardwood flooring.  This will also bring up the height of the floor but and be easily transitioned down to other flooring surfaces.

Hardwood Floor Installation Process 

Be sure to read the manufacturers recommended installation guidelines before going ahead with the purchase and installation of your hardwood flooring over a concrete slab. Realize too that most hardwood flooring installation failures over concrete slabs are not normally covered by the manufacturers warranties. That is an installers problem so be sure you checkout the reputation of the installer before proceeding with the flooring project

Mark the walls to show the location of the floor joists. Cover the floor with 15-pound felt paper. For strength, run the strip flooring perpendicular to the joists. Start your layout at the longest uninterrupted wall that is perpendicular to the joists. At each end of the wall, measure out the width of a floorboard, plus 3/4 inches, and make a mark. Drive nails into the marks and stretch mason’s line between them to lay out the first row. 

Joe, the owner of Deep Reflections Hardwood Floors is experienced, knowledgeable, accurate, kind, communicative, and prompt. I can’t say enough good things about him and family-owned company. He responded quickly to my email, scheduled a visit to give a free estimate, 

Maintenance is easy for a hardwood floor — keep grit off of the surface by sweeping regularly and use a flooring cleaning kit (Bona) and spray on and wipe off with a damp microfiber cloth. Hardwood floors also help cut down on dust mites. 

Depending upon the condition of your floor, our professionals may recommend either a simple recoating, complete refinishing, or an entirely new floor. You want to be sure that your floors are getting the care and maintenance they require. If your floor is relatively new and only slightly worn, a new coat of stain and buffing is probably all that is needed. 

Deep Reflections Hardwood Floors provides installation of hardwood, laminate and engineered flooring as well as a complete service from moving furniture, removing existing floors, removing and replacing baseboards….and the installation of custom staircases. I personally deal one on one with the homeowner…Lets do it right!! I prefer a phone call to email, give me a call and I will be happy to discuss your project. 

On pier and beam foundations it is important to lay the first boards perpendicular to the joists which are underneath. That is important because you want a nice solid anchor. Look at the subfloor to see which way the nails and seams ran. Try to go underneath the crawl space to see how they run. 

How To Install A Solid Hardwood Floor 

When you get to the last rows, switch back to nailing by hand.  On the last row, cut the pieces to fit, measuring the distance from the wall to the board – not the tongue – and minus the expansion gap.  

Start by running one row along the longest wall of the room. The floor planks are tongue-and-groove style, so they should slide right together. Manufacturers recommend that you install the planks with the tongue side against the wall and the groove side facing into the room. Use a pneumatic flooring stapler to drive staples through the groove at a 45-degree angle. Put a staple every 6 to 8 inches. If you are having trouble getting the planks to slide together easily, use a rubber mallet to force them together (Image 2). 

On the second row, lock the tongue and groove and tap them together with a mallet and block for a tight fit between the boards. Stagger the ends six inches between adjoining boards, cutting the end board if needed, to create a stronger, more attractive flooring pattern. 

Unfinished Solid Hardwood Installation 

Absolutely the best choice when it comes to quality, life expectancy and return on investment.

Why Choose US

Satisfaction Guarantee

We pride our selves on customer satisfaction. We don’t leave until you are happy with your new hardwood floor.

A One-Stop Shop

Deep Reflections Hardwood Floor Co. can handle all aspects of your hardwood flooring.

Free Consultation

We never charge for estimates or quotes on hardwood flooring.

Call Us: 214-553-1577

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