At Deep Reflections Hardwood Floors Company we love what we do for our clients. We proudly offer the widest selection of real wood floors in all different species, cuts, grades, widths, patterns, inlays, medallions, borders and corner blocks. Wider plank hardwood flooring is becoming very popular, especially in large rooms. We have also notice an increase in the demand for random width and random species of hardwood flooring for installation. The great thing about hardwood flooring is that the only limit to your options is your imagination. We will spend the time with our clients to help them determine exactly what they are looking for to complete the perfect hardwood flooring installation and finishing in their homes. Wood and hardwood are a dynamic medium. Just like all organic materials, it has traits and character, responds to the surrounding environment and changes with the seasons. They have personalities and should be treated with a certain amount of care and understanding. Professionals should know the properties of wood, hardwood and each individual species as it is crucial for proper installation. Listed below are just a few of the species available for wood or hardwood flooring installation.
Popular Hardwood Types
The most common and most popular hardwood flooring, here recently is white oak. The heartwood is light beige/brown and the sapwood is white/cream. Plainsawn white oak hard wood flooring has open and longer rays of grain compared to plainsawn red oak. riftsawn white oak has a low figuring and tighter grain pattern than plainsawn white oak. Quartersawn white oak has a very unique grain pattern, often referred to as tiger stripes or fleck.
Red Oak is also popular but people are quickly learning that red oak hardwood flooring is not as stable as white oak hardwood flooring or white oak in general. It is also softer than white oak and has a very distinct reddish/pink color to it which is why it is called red oak. The heartwood and the sapwood are very similar with the sapwood lighter in color and most pieces have the same reddish tone. If you do not want any red in your hardwood floors it would be best not to use red oak hardwood for your flooring material choice.
Maple is often used in primarily in bowling alleys and basketball courts but also in homes because of the density and hardness on the Janka scale. It has the appearance of a yellowish cream color to a pale cream color. There is no contrast between the heartwood and sapwood. The grain is often fine, straight and uniform with variations within grades and species (Canadian, North American, South American or Brazilian)
American Walnut is absolutely beautiful and should only be finished in it’s natural color. The downside to American Walnut is that it is softer than oak. The heartwood varies from tan to brown to a deep, rich dark brown. The sapwood can sometimes be almost white/tan (depending on the origin of the material). It is also used as a different species within a hardwood floor to distinguish a stopping point of the majority of the floors and a room with a patterned wood or hardwood floor and it does make a profound statement!
Some people prefer Hickory or Pecan as it has a similar grain patter to oak but just slightly different. The heartwood of Hickory or Pecan is beige/brown with a hint of red sometimes and dark brown with a very small percentage of dark brown or black lines and the sapwood is beige/tan with finer dark brown/black lines. Hickory can be stained and finished exactly like oak and is harder than oak. It is also dense, stable and harder than white oak one the Janka scale. Hickory or Pecan has a grain pattern which is occasionally wavy, open and intermittent.
Another popular species is Ash which has similar appearance to white oak with obvious differentiation. The heartwood is light brown, dark brown, tan and light tan the sapwood is creamy beige or very light beige. The soft grain is less broad than oak, straight with sporadic wavy configurations. Ash is sometimes confused with Hickory as the large pores are more accentuated. Ash should also be finished in it’s natural color as it does not take the stain consistently.
Exotic Hardwood Types
Some people love Brazilian Walnut for the natural color of the wood. Brazilian Walnut should only be finished in its natural color and using either a water based finish or an oil based finish with yield a difference in the darkness of the wood as it is naturally dark. Brazilian Walnut is well known for its exceptional hardness, fine to medium, straight and irregular grain pattern. It is also resistant to wood boring insects and mold. This is typically used when you require an extremely durable hardwood floor and desire a dark floor.